Ancient History of Odisha
The identity of Ancient History of Odisha (Odisha) dates back to the reign of Emperor Ashoka in 260 BC. Expanding the boundaries of his kingdom, the ruler captured the gates of the then Kalinga and encouraged the lord to either fight or flee The princess of the kingdom without her father again fought with the ruler. The battle was a veritable massacre and the brutality that ensued so affected the sovereign that his assassination was repudiated.
Such a warrior became an incredible witness to Buddhism Buddhism succeeded Jainism and remained influential until the restoration of Hinduism in the kingdom in the 7th century AD. Spread over a vast area of 1.55 lakh sq km, it lies in the tropical zone along the eastern seaboard of India. One can find a unique blend of authentic tranquility here The awe-inspiring majesty of the place fills your soul so much that the artist in you is awakened.
The region comprising modern Odisha (Odisha) was historically not known by the same name It and its parts were referred to by different names in different eras:
- Kalinga: According to some scriptures (Mahabharata and some Puranas), Vairokana, son of Sutapa, king of Bali, had no sons. So, he requested Saint Dirgathama to bless him with sons. This girl is said to have fathered five sons through his wife Queen Sudeshna. The names of the princes are Anga, Vanga, Kalinga, Sudha, and Pundra Later princes formed kingdoms named after themselves. The prince established a fragmented kingdom in present-day Bangladesh and parts of West Bengal. Prince Kalinga established the kingdom of Kalinga in what is now coastal Odisha (Odisha), including the Northern Circles. Ptolemy, Pliny the Elder, and Claudius Allianus also mention a Kalinga in their texts.
- Uttara: In some parts of the Mahabharata, Uttara was a part of Kalinga Karna is mentioned to have conquered the kingdom of Uttara among others But, according to other texts like Raghuvasma and Brahma Purana, they were separate kingdoms There are many opinions regarding the interpretation of the name Uttara may refer to the northern (northern) part of Kalinga or Uttara-Kalinga. Utaka desha (country or land) may mean “best art” (kasha kala). There are other arguments about the origin of the name
- Mahakanthara: This name is found in some inscriptions of the Gupta era Meaning “great forest”, the Mahabharata also mentions a Kantara, which may or may not refer to the same region.
- Udara: Udara (also Urda-desh) may refer to a group or tribe called Udara But the latter may refer to the Udara state around the coastal region of Odisha (Odisha).
- Orda: Odra (Orda-desha), also like Udra, may have meant a tribe called Odra, but later came to refer to the country of Odra.
- Odisha: According to some scholars, Odisha, mentioned in some Buddhist texts, may refer to Odisha (Odisha).
- Kamala Mandela: The word means “the lotus region”, a c. The 13th-century name found at Narla in Kalahandi refers to the region.
- South Kosala: South Kosala (Dakshina Kosala) may also refer to modern Chhattisgarh and parts of western Odisha. It should not be confused with Kosala in present-day Uttar Pradesh According to the Ramayana, Rama’s son Lava Uttara Kosala and another son Kusha ruled the region.
- Kongoda: A copper plate found in the Ganjam district refers to the area as Kongoda (also spelled Kongoda).
- Trikalinga: This name is found inscribed on some copper plates found at Sonepur Tri-Kalinga may literally mean “three Kalingas” and may refer to the three kingdoms of Kalinga, South Kosala, and Kangoda.
- Chedi: Chedi (also known as Chedirastra) refers to the kingdom of Kharbela. His dynasty was named Chedi (also the Cheti dynasty and Mahamegavana dynasty). It should not be confused with the Chedi kingdom of western India
- Tosali: Tosali (also spelled Tosali) was a city and the surrounding area called Tosala, possibly a subdivision of Kalinga during the Ashoka era. The capital of Tosala is located in modern Delhi In the later era (600 BC), North Tosali (Uttara Tosali) and South Tosali (Dashkhina Tosali) are mentioned, possibly north and south of the Great River. The kingdom was
- Uranshin: This name is used by Arab geographers of the 10th century
- Jajnagar: Tabaqat-i-Nasiri (1660 AD), Tarikh-i-Firuz Shahi (1660 AD)
- Odivisa: A name used in some Buddhist texts, including the Taranatha
Ancient Odisha (Orissa)
According to some scriptures (Mahabharata and some Puranas), King Bali, the son of Vairokana and Sutapa, had no sons. So, he requested Saint Dirgathama to bless him with sons. This girl is said to have fathered five sons through his wife Queen Sudeshna. The names of the princes are Anga, Vanga, Kalinga, Sudha, and Pundra Later princes formed kingdoms named after themselves. The prince established a fragmented kingdom in present-day Bangladesh and parts of West Bengal. Prince Kalinga established the kingdom of Kalinga in what is now coastal Odisha (Odisha), including the Northern Circus.
Mahabharata mentions Kalinga many more times. In the battle of Kurukshetra, King Sritudha of Kalinga, son of Varuna and Parnassa, joined the Kaurava camp. At the request of his father’s mother, he was given a divine mace, that protected him as long as he used it. But, the bride unauna warns her son that using it non-combat will result in the death of the wielder himself. In the heat of the battle, Arjuna’s arrow makes the mistake of launching at Arjuna’s charioteer Krishna. The mace bounced off Krishna and killed Sri Buddha The archers who killed Krishna, Jara Savara, and Ekalavya are said to be from Odisha (Odisha).
Buddhist texts mention the Mahagobinda Sutta, Kalinga, and its ruler Satyabahu.
In the 6th century Sutra Kama (Chronicler), the Buddha mentions Kalinga as being uninfluenced by the Vedic tradition. He warned his people not to visit Kalinga (among other states) saying that whoever visits it will surely regret it.