Odisha Geography covers an area of 1,55,707 sq km What’s more, it stretches 800 km from north to south and 500 km from east to west, and the Bay of Bengal has about 480 km of coastline. It lies between 17°31′ and 22°31′ 31’N latitude and 81°31′ and 87°3°’E longitudes. Bounded by West Bengal on the upper east, Jharkhand on the north, Andhra Pradesh on the south, and Chhattisgarh on the west, the state borders the Bay of Bengal on the east. The state is divided into 30 regions which are further divided into 314 districts The Odisha geography includes valuable areas within the drift and forested good lands Oriya individuals account for the bulk of the Indo-Aryan stock
The interior region is made up of the old land of peninsular India and covers a quarter of the entire state. The mid-mountain and highland region mostly consists of the slopes and ridges of the Eastern Ghats and gently slopes down to an alluvial plain in the west, running in the east (Mayurbhanj) to the northwest (Malkangiri). These appear as extensive systems of wetted ridges interrupted by various stream valleys and surge fields. The altitude ranges between 300-1200 meters The core areas are very rich in mineral resources
About 33% of Odisha is protected by forests which are 37.34% of the total land area of the state. This woodland covers most of south and west Odisha Areas east of the drift are protected by farmland Odisha’s forest front covers a zone of 58,136.869 sq km of which woodlands form an area of 26,329.12 sq km (10,165.73 sq mi), distinct guaranteed backwoods of 11,687.079 sq km (4,512.406 sq mi) and non-differentiated. The protected woodland makeup is 3,638.78 square kilometers (1,404.94 sq mi). Different types of forests constitute 16,261.34 square kilometers (6,278.54 sq mi), while unclassified woodlands constitute 20.55 square kilometers (7.93 sq mi) of the total backwood cover. Similarly, the Odisha state government also groups trees based on their density. About 538 square kilometers (208 sq mi) of land is designated as exceptionally thick backwoods with a density of over 70 shades, with 40 to 70 percent of the 27,656 square kilometers (10,678 sq mi) of woodland covered. And 20,180 square kilometers (7,790 sq mi) of land is designated as an open forest with 10 to 40 percent forest cover.